"PORTRAIT OF THE EMPRESS ELIZAVETA PETROVNA" (Louis Caravac, 1750, canvas/oil, 245x166, RM)
In 1741, the daughter of Peter the Great, Elizaveta Petrovna, took the Russian throne. By the way, the coming of Elizabeth to power through her envoy (Marquis de Scheetardy) was facilitated by the French Foreign Ministry. Immediately taking the course to continue the reforms initiated by her father, first of all abolishes the death penalty, restores the Senate (the new legislature) and issues the new laws.
The social policy of the Empress is aimed at strengthening the autocracy and improving the position of the nobility. The living conditions of the peasants are further deteriorating. Their dependence on the ruling class is growing. This causes protests in the peasant environment.
During Elizabeth Petrovna's reign, the state economy, agriculture and industry are actively developing. With the abolition of domestic customs duties, the trade comes to life. During this period, Russia is actively trading with France and England. Merchant and Noble banks are created. T he era of Science and Enlightenment begins. New gymnasiums, military schools, universities, the Academy of Sciences are opening. The Academy of Arts and the first Public Theater appear. The Winter Palace is being built. The Catherine's Palace in Tsarskoye Selo is being rebuilt.
In foreign policy, Elizabeth continues to expand the borders of the empire to the east. Russia conducts military operations with Sweden and eventually annexes a part of Finland. Victory in this war will be the impetus for the initiation of an alliance with Russia by many European states.
Российский благотворительный фонд содействия культурно-просветительским программам – Ковчег